The kidney is an organ in our body that resembles like bean. This organ performs several essential functions to save our body from the various diseases; this organ also serves as natural filter of the blood. Kidney is a very important organ of the body because it is responsible for the re-absorption of water, glucose and amino acids. Kidneys are positioned in the abdominal cavity. There are couples of important functions which kidney performs such as :–
- Kidney regulates the blood pressure through initiating the hormone regulatory Renin-Angiotensin System ( RAS ), and by urinary excretion of wastes from the body
- Helps in producing hormones
- Regulates an acid-base balance
- Purifies the blood
- Stimulates red blood cell by releasing hormone Erythropoietin.
These above are some more important works of kidney, which keeps our body safe from various diseases, and it controls the amount of calcium present in our body. Kidney removes wastes from our body by this process- foods and drinks enters from the esophagus to the stomach and broken into nutrients, nutrients enter into blood stream and used by the body for growth, energy and maintenance of body. Extra nutrients, which are not absorbed by the body are removed by the kidney and waste products and material moves from kidney to bladder and ultimately it is disposed. (more…)