Renal Failure Diagnosis

Renal failure is a very dangerous disease if not diagnosed in time.
Renal failure is also called renal inefficiency this is a medical condition which occurs when kidney fail to filter waste products and toxics out of the blood. Two forms of kidney injury are acute kidney failure and chronic kidney failure. These diseases are not recognized easily so Renal failure diagnosis is very necessary to cure this disease.

In acute kidney disease, there occurs rapidly progressive loss of renal functions. It is generally categorized by electrolyte imbalance, oliguria and fluid. There are many causes result in acute kidney failure. Whatever the cause is, it should identify as fast as possible and renal treatment should be started to stop the progress of the disease. Dialysis is also necessary. Chronic kidney disease develops slowly and it shows some symptoms that are not enough to conclude that a person is having chronic kidney disease. There occurs a condition when acute kidney injuries come in the top of chronic kidney disease that is called Acute-on-Chronic renal failure .
renal failure diagnosis
The first thing that is necessary to understand is the symptoms of renal failure because then only we are able to pay attention on renal failure diagnosis. The symptoms of kidney failure includes :-

  • Vomiting
  • weight loss
  • nocturnal urination
  • very frequent urination
  • blood in the urine
  • difficulty in urinating
  • unusual amount of urination
  • Itching
  • Bone damage
  • Abnormal heart beat
  • Swelling of legs
  • Pain in back
  • Shortness of breath

The two types of kidney failures that occur in body are chronic renal failure and acute renal failure. It is necessary to diagnose these kidney failures. Now it is a good thing to know that how chronic renal failure diagnosis takes place. Chronic renal failure is diagnosed by the observation done after knowing about the various symptoms, physical examination result and level of elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine. There are some of the abnormalities if that are found in a blood that means you are suffering from this disease.

  • Low blood level of calcium that is also called Hypocalcemia
  • High blood level of phosphate also called Hyperphosphatemia
  • High blood level of potassium also called Hyperkalemia
  • Low blood level of sodium that is Hyponatremia
  • Low blood level of bicarbonate
  • Low plasma pH that is blood acidity
  • Proteinuria that means there is excess amount of protein in urine
  • CT scan and MRI might also help
  • Ultrasound may show that kidneys are comparatively small

Chronic renal failure diagnosis is done if these things are there in a blood. Chronic kidney failure is different from acute kidney failure so the tests are performed so that doctor can get to know about the type of renal failure from which a person is suffering. Renal failure diagnosis is the first and the most important thing that should be done if a person is having any doubt regarding this disease or if the doctors prescribe it.