Chronic renal failure is the progressive and gradual loss of the ability of kidney to perform its functions normally. This condition occurs when there is a loss of nephrons of the kidney. Kidney completely depends of nephrons because it is the basic functioning unit of kidney. There are near about one million nephrons present in each kidney. As we know that, the main function of the kidney is to clean the waste products formed in the body and various toxics from the blood and concentrate the urine. So if a person suffered from chronic renal failure then kidney is no longer be able to perform these tasks
Symptoms of chronic renal failure
When the function of renal fall below thirty milliliters per minute, which is about 30 % of the normal value. This can be check by measuring the renal function and it is measured as the glomerular filtration rate. When this rate shows kidney functioning below 30 milliliters per minute, different signs of urea start coming in view all that shows that person is suffering from this disease. Uremic symptoms can also lead to affect any organ system present in the body.
Nutrition needs for Chronic renal failure patient :-
- The food that is consumed should be low in protein and high amount of calories should be there.
- Always avoid food that is canned, preserved, processed or baked.
- Avoid butter and nuts in your diet.
- Try to reduce potassium content and. the best way to do is to cook food in excess water
- Avoid salted cheese.
- Avoid coconut water, fruit juices and fruits also
- There are many food items that contain potassium like bajra, tea, maize, wheat flour, pulses, etc all should be avoided.
Treatment for Chronic renal failure
The main aim of treating renal failure aims to control the symptoms of the disease, minimize the complications that are coming and to slow down the progression of the disease. There are many diseases that are associated to the renal failure. If you want to avoid yourself from chronic renal failure, tt is very important to control all those diseases :-
- Urinary tract infection
- Heart failure
- Congestive heart failure
- Kidney stones
- Obstructions of the urinary tract
- Serum cholesterol if high
These diseases should be treated properly. If you are having any of them then go for renal treatment so that it do not lead to something that is dangerous. The end stage of chronic renal failure is also called ESRD. It is the stage when a patient need kidney transplant and kidney transplant is done when the percentage of kidney functioning falls to 10 %. When your kidney function is about 35 to 30%, then start going for renal replacement therapy classes. When the kidney function reduces to 30to, 25% then choose dialysis method.